Assistant Professor Annette Bauer

Assistant Professor Annette Bauer

Care Policy and Evaluation Centre, London School of Economics and Political Science.

Chief Investigator G

Assistant Professor Annette Bauer was lead of the UK Costs of Perinatal Mental Health problems study, which estimated total economic and social-long-term costs for mothers and children of £8.1billion and led to £365 million investment into specialist perinatal mental health services in the UK, and informed investments in other countries. The methodology has been replicated internationally.

CI Bauer’s publications were selected to demonstrate her skills and abilities in leading economic research projects that inform mental health policy and practice. The publications also demonstrate her experience in providing policy-relevant knowledge that can inform the scaling of mental health interventions.

  • Bauer, A., Garman, E., Besada, D., Field, S., Knapp, M. & Honikman, S. (2022) Costs of common PMH problems in South Africa. Global MH, 1-10.
  • Bauer, A, Knapp M, Matijasevich A, Osório A, de Paula CS. The lifetime costs of perinatal depression and anxiety in Brazil. J Affect Disord. 2022 Dec 15;319:361-369. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2022.09.102. Epub 2022 Sep 23. PMID: 36162663.
  • Bauer, A, Tinelli., M. & Knapp, M. (2022) The Economic Case for Increasing Access to Treatment for Women with Common Mental Health Problems During the Perinatal Period, Care Policy and Evaluation Centre, London. https://www.lse.ac.uk/cpec/assets/documents/CPEC-Perinatal-Economics-2022.pdf
  • Bauer, A, Parsonage, M., Knapp, M. (2016), Lifetime costs of perinatal anxiety and depression, J Affect Disord, 192: 83-90.
  • Bauer, A, Stevens M, Purtscheller D, Knapp M, Fonagy P, Evans-Lacko S, Paul J. Mobilising social support to improve mental health for children and adolescents: A systematic review using principles of realist synthesis. PLoS One. 2021 May 20;16(5):e0251750. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0251750. PMID: 34015021; PMCID: PMC8136658.
  • Bauer, A, Garman E, McDaid D, Avendano M, Hessel P, Díaz Y, Araya R, Lund C, Malvasi P, Matijasevich A, Park AL, Paula CS, Ziebold C, Zimmerman A, Evans-Lacko S. Integrating youth mental health into cash transfer programmes in response to the COVID-19 crisis in low-income and middle-income countries. Lancet Psychiatry. 2021 Apr;8(4):340-346. doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30382-5. Epub 2021 Feb 4. PMID: 33549174; PMCID: PMC9215313.

Overall Track Record for the last 5 years

Career summary: CI Annette Bauer is Assistant Professor with over 10 years’ experience in economic evaluations of (mental) health and social care programmes at the London School of Economics and Political Science, where she works at the Care Policy and Evaluation Centre (formerly Personal Social Services Research Unit). The Centre has an outstanding reputation for producing high quality and impactful research in (mental) health and social care globally. Before joining LSE, Annette was leading the implementation of mental health quality improvement programmes in London (UK). Her career is driven by a desire to improve access to high-quality mental health care through addressing social determinants, and intergenerational effects of poor mental health. Since the beginning of her research career, she specialised on perinatal mental health, and has led several projects in the UK and globally concerned assessing the costs and consequences of perinatal mental health programmes and policies. She led several (economic) evaluations of community capacity building and early intervention programmes, including of a €3 million programme in Austria concerned with mobilising support networks of families affected by parental metal illness. Annette was also lead economist for developing social care guidance for the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) and is a fellow of the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) School for Social Care Research (SSCR).

Research support and publications: Annette has track record of gaining research grants from governmental and non-governmental bodies in the UK including from the Office of Health Improvement and Disparities, NIHR, NIHR SSCR and NHS England (ranging from £25,000 to £80,000), as well as from other funders such as the Austrian Health Ministry (€3 million; LSE part €400,000), Maternal Mental Health Alliance and US-based Open Society Foundations ($100,000). Her ‘Costs of perinatal mental health problems’ study, first published in 2014/15, has been highly influential in the field not only in the UK but internationally. The novelty of the method was that it included a lifetime cost perspective capturing impacts for mothers as well their children. The methodology has been replicated in Europe, Canada, and the US. As part of the Global Economic Maternal Mental Health project, Annette in collaboration with the Global Maternal Mental Health Alliance, leads work to develop the costing and return-on-investment analyses to inform scaling of maternal mental health care in Brazil, Malawi, Pakistan, and South Africa. Her publications in the perinatal mental health field were rated high and top star as part of the assessment conducted for the UK’s Research Excellence Framework.

Contribution to the field of research: Over the course of the past ten years Annette has produced over 40 publications, including over 20 peer-revieweed publications in recognised health and social care journals, the majority of which (70%) are first author publications. In the perinatal mental health field, Annette led the report ‘Cost of perinatal mental health problems’ in 2014/15, which influenced policy, practice and research in the UK and beyond. In the UK it led to investments of over £500 million into (specialist) perinatal mental health care; the direct link between the report and the investment is well recognised, and the research was selected as impact case study for the most recent Research Excellence Framework of LSE. Since then Annette led several research projects, which developed the economic evidence in the perinatal mental health field, including three current ones funded by the Open Society Foundations (2019-2022), Maternal Mental Health Alliance (2019-2022) and Office for Health Improvement and Disparities (UK). Studies are conducted in close collaboration with leading researchers, policy makers and influencers in the field, to ensure the relevance and applicability to current policy and practice.

Fostering research and training; Supervision and mentoring: Recently, Annette has been leading the economic-focused subgroup of the NHS England Perinatal Clinical Reference Group, which seeks to inform research priorities in England. She has been an advisor on several research and service improvement projects concerned with increasing access to perinatal mental health services, including in Austria, Belgium, Canada, France, UK, and US. Annette provides supervision to Master students and research assistants at LSE.

Collaborations: In additon to the many long-standing collaborations CPEC at LSE has with governmemntal and non-governmental organistaions gobally, Annette has developed strong relationships with policy makers, policy influencers, researchers, and practitioners in the perinatal mental health field, in the UK and globally.

Community engagement and participation: Annette is Board member of the UK-based charity Action in Postpartum Psychosis.

Professional Involvement: Annette has an honorary academic contract with the Office of Health Disparities and Improvement (formerly Public Health England) and is a research fellow of the NIHR School for Social Care Research. She was previously appointed as lead economist for the development of NICE social care guidance.

International standing: Annette presented the findings of her research at international conferences including: USAID Maternal Mental Health; Lancet Public Health; Alzheimer Europe; Health Priorities; Marcé Society. She is invited to talk about her research at several government-organised events, such as All-Party Parliamentary Groups in the UK. Annette writes regularly blogs, commentaries, reports and in-house papers that are published on LSE websites reaching wide international audiences.

Other contributions to NHMRC: None currently.